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動物新聞狗與擁抱相關新聞

響亮的號角聲,透過聲響傳達活動情報、或獸民號召出行。

動物新聞狗與擁抱相關新聞

文章瀟湘 » 2016年 4月 30日, 23:33

最近忽然出現狗不喜歡擁抱的相關報導,
比方華視這篇:加拿大研究:汪星人不愛被抱
起源也找到了,出於Psychology Today,並非杜撰:The Data Says "Don't Hug the Dog!"

隨即又找到後續相關,這位學者的意見受到批評:
地球圖輯隊:狗不喜歡抱抱? 加國專家教你怎麼愛狗
這部份似乎就散見各媒體,沒有查到學者的完整回應。
轉貼於下:


加拿大研究:汪星人不愛被抱

狗是人類的最好朋友,看到這些毛孩子,總是忍不住想要抱抱牠們,不過根據加拿大UBC大學的最新研究顯示,狗狗其實不喜歡被抱,因為牠們習慣迅速行走,擁抱會限制牠們的行動力,讓牠們失去方向感,造成焦慮不安的壓力。

看到主人回家,狗狗忍不住衝上前去,一人一狗,緊緊抱在一起,展現最真誠的友誼,不過根據加拿大UBC大學的,研究報告指出,其實狗一點都不喜歡被擁抱。

根據一項新的研究,82%的狗被抱的時候,會出現其中一項緊張感,包括抖動耳朵避開與人眼神接觸,眼睛閉起來舔嘴唇不停的打哈欠等,心理學教授科倫指出,只有8%的狗,被人抱的時候會感到舒服。

因為狗狗天生就愛奔跑,一旦被抱住會焦慮不安,很可能會開口咬人,雖然科學報告說是這樣說,但這些狗主人可不以為然,下次抱狗的時候,不妨研究一下,狗狗的表情,看看牠們是真心喜歡,還是想要逃跑。


【更多新聞詳情請上 - 華視新聞網 】


The Data Says "Don't Hug the Dog!"

I had brought my dogs to be part of a "Doggy De-Stress Day" on the campus of a local university. These are becoming more common for many colleges in North America and usually take place during midterm exam or final exam periods. The way it works is that dogs (often therapy dogs, but sometimes just well-behaved pets) are brought to campus and students get a chance to pet and interact with the dogs. The rationale here is that during exam periods stress levels run high in the student population, and there is ample evidence that shows that dogs can reduce stress levels. (Click here for more about that). So this seems like a simple method of making students feel a bit less hassled before and between their tests.

At one point during the event a diminutive woman came over to my Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever puppy and gave him a hug. At the time, he was about six months old, and, like most puppies, relatively tolerant of any form of interaction. Nonetheless, in response to the girl's hug he turned his head to break off eye contact, his ears slicked down, and gave a small stress yawn. I leaned over and said to her: "You really shouldn't hug a dog. They don't like it and it raises their stress level."

The girl looked at me with an expression of disbelief and said, "I'm studying developmental psychology and there's lots of evidence which says that hugging is important and pleasant. When a mother hugs her child the child gets a surge of the hormone oxytocin and so does the mother, and that hormone is associated with loving and bonding. There is evidence that says that if parents don't hug and touch their child a lot, that child can grow up to be emotionally stunted. So how can you tell me that hugging isn't good for dogs, especially for a puppy?"

The real answer to her question is, of course, that dogs are not human children. Dogs are technically cursorial animals, which is a term that indicates that they are designed for swift running. That implies that in times of stress or threat the first line of defense that a dog uses is not his teeth, but rather his ability to run away. Behaviorists believe that depriving a dog of that course of action by immobilizing him with a hug can increase his stress level and, if the dog's anxiety becomes significantly intense, he may bite. For that reason, certain websites, which try to educate children and parents in order to reduce the incidence of dog bites (such as Doggone Safe), make a point about teaching children that they should not hug dogs. Furthermore, a few years back when a children's book entitled "Smooch Your Pooch" recommended that kids hug and kiss their dog anytime and anywhere, the American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior (AVSAB) felt that it was necessary for them to release an official statement that strongly advised parents to avoid purchasing the book, since "this information can cause children to be bitten."

Given how widely accepted the idea is that hugging is not something that dogs like, and that hugging a dog may be associated with increasing the likelihood of a dog bite, I was surprised that a search of the scientific literature produced very little experimental evidence to support that belief. I did find two articles that showed that getting bitten on the face was much more likely if you were hugging or kissing a dog. However, the authors of both studies seemed to suggest that the proximity of the person's face to the dog's mouth was the most important factor, rather than something like the hug itself. For that reason, I decided to collect some data on this issue.

The signs of stress and anxiety in dogs are well established, and are easily observable, at least by trained individuals. Obviously at the high-end of stress, we have dogs who bare their teeth. But, there are subtler indicators. The most common sign of anxiety is when the dog turns his head away from whatever is bothering or worrying him, sometimes also closing his eyes, at least partially. Alternatively, dogs will often show what is commonly called a "half-moon eye" or "whale eye” which is where you can see the white portion of the eyes at the corner or the rim. One common visible sign of stress or anxiety is when the dog's ears are lowered or slicked against the side of his head. Lip licking or licking a person's face can also be signs of anxiety, as can yawning or raising one paw. These signs and other similar ones should be easy to detect in stressed dogs. All that I needed then to conduct the research was a source of photographic material showing people hugging their dogs.



地球圖輯隊明文禁止轉貼,所以請大家移駕過去吧:
狗不喜歡抱抱? 加國專家教你怎麼愛狗

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